Remaining silent while serious violations of international law are unfolding is morally unacceptable and undermines the legal obligations of States. Gathering facts, taking preventive and protective action, including speaking out against violations, recognizing the suffering of victims and advocating for proactive solutions are among the most basic duties owed to people enduring the effects of armed conflict.

States, regional, national and international organizations must make use of every available tracking, investigative, reporting and decision-making mechanism to enhance compliance with international humanitarian law. Global leaders, governments, the United Nations and other institutions must speak out against violations, make the facts known and systematically condemn them.