There is no shortage of warning signs or tools for conflict prevention: it is the repeated and systemic failure to act that has been the greatest obstacle. This problem will persist until States accept that with sovereignty comes the responsibility to protect their populations from violence and war and to work closely with bilateral and regional actors, the United Nations and other international organizations to diffuse tensions, stop violations of human rights and prevent conflicts. National leaders need to be more willing to accept information and analysis and to act before situations deteriorate, seeking or accepting early assistance from bilateral, regional and international partners as needed. The international community, including the UN Security Council, must demonstrate greater resolve to work quickly towards political unity to address tensions and deescalate violence.